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GrapeTypes . Wine Varieties .

Time:2019-03-21 23:21wine - Red wine life health Click:

Wine chardonnay ic chianti cabernet

Click on the Grape name links for more in depth information

Click here for an in depth glossary of wine varieties

Understanding the types of grapes used in wine and their characteristics is vital to get a good understanding of wine. Apart from white and black grapes come from two main families.

Vitis Vinifera, which is prevalent in Europe, and

Vitis Labrusca, which is native to Canada and the eastern United States.

There are over 5,000 varieties of wine grapes. Below are some of the main types, if you click on the two links above you will get a much more in depth description of the links between grape varieties.



Auxerrois: Also known as Malbec or Cot, Auxerrois creates a neutral wine, fruity and soft. It is mainly grown in Luxembourg and Canada. In Alsace it is ofted blended with the grape.

GrapeTypes . Wine Varieties .

Barbera: Barbera is a low-tannin grape known for its tarry flavor. It is very widely planted - in California it's about equal with vines, while in its home in Italy it has more acerage than and . Piedmont is especially well known for this grape.

Cab franc

Cabernet Franc: A "parent" of the . Cabernet Franc is used in Bordeaux - added in small amounts for flavor. It is also used in the Loire Valley, where it is called Breton. Other names include Bouchy, Bouchet, Gros Bouchet and Veron. Cabernet Franc is mostly used as an additive to blend with other grapes.

cab Sauv

Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon wines are made from these grapes - on the vine they are red, small, and tough. The wines tend to taste like blackberries and cedar. Bordeaux uses the Cabernet Sauvignon grape, usually mixed in with . These grapes are also grown widely in California and Australia. The grape contains a lot of tannin, which leads to a good red wine when properly aged.


Chardonnay: This is a fresh, fruity grape grown in Burgundy, Champagne, California, Australia, and South Africa. Chardonnay wine tends to taste like fruits - melon, peach, etc. - and also many have an oaky flavor. It is one of the most popular and easiest to grow white grapes - it buds early, grows easily and has high ripeness levels.

GrapeTypes . Wine Varieties .

Chenin Blanc: This grape makes a light, fruity wine. It is planted primarily in the US and in the Loire valley of France (well known in Vouvray wine). In South Africa this grape is referred to as Steen. Also known as White Pinot (Pinot Blanco), Chenin Blanc is able to age ten years or more.

Cinsaut: Also known (incorrectly) as Hermitage, this grape is mostly used for blending with other, stronger varieties. Cinsaut is the "parent" of . It is grown in Southern France, Lebanon, Australia and South Africa.

Colombard: These grapes end up making a wine with "tropical fruit" overtones, a light wine to go with seafood. It is used in South Africa and other countries. South Africa also uses Colombard to make brandy.

Cortese: The primary grape for Gavi wine, this grape ripens early and makes a neutral white wine. It is grown primarily in Piedmont, Italy.

Ehrenfelser: Created by crossing the and a clone, Ehrenfelser is extremely frost resistant. The wine it creates tastes a great deal like Riesling wine. Ehrenfelser is grown primarily in Canada.

GrapeTypes . Wine Varieties .

Gamay: This is the grape famous used in Beaujolais Nouveau wine, from France. It is often drunk young in as in these light fruity reds. various types of gamay are used in the US often in Blands.


Gewurztraminer: The first part of the name literally means "spicey" in German. It has a floral taste with nutty tones. Gewurztraminer is also grown in Italy, California, Canada and Australia.

Grande Vidure: Also known as the Carmenére grape, this grape was best known for its use in Medoc wines. While some thought this grape had been destroyed by phylloxera, cuttings were taken to Chile in the mid-nineteenth century, where phylloxera has not arrived yet. The grape is known for problems with coloure and oidium, and produces low yields.

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